Rufus is a utility that helps format and create bootable USB flash drives, such as USB keys/pendrives, memory sticks, etc.
It can be especially useful for cases where:
Despite its small size, Rufus provides everything you need!
Oh, and Rufus is fast. For instance it's about twice as fast as UNetbootin, Universal USB Installer or Windows 7 USB download tool, on the creation of a Windows 7 USB installation drive from an ISO. It is also marginally faster on the creation of Linux bootable USB from ISOs. (1)
A non exhaustive list of Rufus supported ISOs is also provided at the bottom of this page. (2)
Last updated 2022.08.03:
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Windows 7 or later, 32 or 64 bit doesn't matter. Once downloaded, the application is ready to use.
I will take this opportunity to express my gratitude to the translators who made it possible for Rufus, as well as this webpage, to be translated in various languages. If you find that you can use Rufus in your own language, you should really thank them!
Download the executable and run it – no installation is necessary.
The executable is digitally signed and the signature should state:
If you create a DOS bootable drive and use a non-US keyboard, Rufus will attempt to select a keyboard layout according to the locale of your system. In that case, FreeDOS, which is the default selection, is recommended over MS-DOS, as it supports more keyboard layouts.
All versions of Rufus since v1.1.0 allow the creation of a bootable USB from an ISO image (.iso).
A Rufus FAQ is available HERE.
GNU General Public License (GPL) version 3 or later.
You are free to distribute, modify or even sell the software, insofar as you respect the GPLv3 license.
syslinuxsymbolic link to
$ git clone https://github.com/pbatard/rufus
If you are a developer, you are very much encouraged to tinker with Rufus and submit patches.
Since I'm getting asked about this on regular basis, there is no donation button on this page.
The main reason is that I feel that the donation system doesn't actually help software development and worse, can be guilt-inducing for users who choose not to donate.
Instead, I think that "mécénat"; or developer patronage, from companies which benefit most from a healthy FLOSS ecosystem, is what we should be aiming for. This is because, unless they are backed by a company, developers who want to provide quality Open Source software cannot realistically sustain full time development, no matter how generous their software users are.
Also, unless you are blocking them (hint, hint), you'll notice that there are ads on this page, which I consider sufficient revenue enough.
Finally the fact that I have the freedom to develop Free Software in my spare time should indicate that I'm well-off enough, and therefore that you should direct your generosity towards people who need it a lot more than I do. If you really insist, you can always make a donation to the Free Software Foundation, as they are the main reason software like Rufus is possible.
At any rate, I'll take this opportunity to say thank you for your continuing support and enthusiasm about this little program: it is much appreciated!
But please continue to feel free to use Rufus without any guilt about not contributing for it financially – you should never have to!
The following tests were carried out on a Windows 7 x64 Core 2 duo/4 GB RAM platform, with an USB 3.0 controller and a 16 GB USB 3.0 ADATA S102 flash drive.
|•||Windows 7 x64||:||en_windows_7_ultimate_with_sp1_x64_dvd_618240.iso|
|Windows 7 USB/DVD Download Tool v1.0.30||00:08:10|
|Universal USB Installer v18.104.22.168||00:07:10|
|•||Ubuntu 11.10 x86||:||ubuntu-11.10-desktop-i386.iso|
|Universal USB Installer v22.214.171.124||00:01:20|
|•||Slackware 13.37 x86||:||slackware-13.37-install-dvd.iso|
|Universal USB Installer v126.96.36.199||00:24:35|
|AlmaLinux||,||Arch Linux||,||BartPE||,||CentOS||,||Clonezilla||,||Damn Small Linux||,||Debian||,||Elementary OS||,|
|Fedora||,||FreeDOS||,||Garuda Linux||,||Gentoo||,||GParted||,||Hiren's Boot CD||,||Kali Linux||,||Knoppix||,||KolibriOS||,|
|Linux Mint||,||Manjaro Linux||,||NT Password Registry Editor||,||OpenSUSE||,||Raspberry Pi OS||,||Raspbian||,|
|ReactOS||,||Red Hat||,||rEFInd||,||Rocky Linux||,||Slackware||,||Super Grub2 Disk||,||Tails||,||Trinity Rescue Kit||,|
|TrueNAS CORE||,||Ubuntu||,||UEFI Shell||,||Ultimate Boot CD||,||Windows XP (SP2+)||,||Windows Vista||,|
|Windows 7||,||Windows 8/8.1||,||Windows 10||,||Windows Server 2019||,||Windows 11||,||…|